One of the first and most frequently asked questions is: “How do I get my local data to Azure now?” There are many different ways to do this. A small (incomplete) list can be found here:

SolutionPros Cons
FTP as VM Free choice of Tools and configuration unmanaged, you need to manage OS and FTP Server by yourself

FTP managed via FTP deployment inside App Service
fully managed by Microsoft – Storage is limited to 1TB at the moment
– needs a full (unused) App Service and maybe an expensive App Service Plan
– the FTP part in App Services is for deployments, not for use as an FTP Server ūüėČ
SMB with Azure Files and mount the container in your on-prem machin – simple to mount
– works on Windows and Linux
– no ACL support, everyone can read/write
– maybe a big IP range must be open in your on-prem FW
REST using Storage API– easy and flexibel
– only port 443 is needed
you need to implement the solution and need to generate tokens
AzCopy the command line tool from microsoft for moving data between Storage Accounts or for moving data between Azure Storage and local file system – works on Windows, Linux and Mac
– easy to script
Storage Explorer a Tool with GUI for managing Data in Storage Accounts (Queue, Table, Files, Blobs) and Data Lake and CosmosDB– works on Windows, Linux and Mac
– easy to use
– no API, only GUI clicking
– only useful for few files
Azure Portal for uploading, downloading and modifiing files within the browser– easy to use– only useful for few files
Data Factory is a Service for data integration and data orchestration. Data can be transfered between Azure on on-prem with the self hosted integration runtime.– many possibilities
– perfect for intgration from on-prem systems with Azure or other systems
– needs onmly port 443
– works only on Windows
– needs access to 4 outgoing domains
Azure Data Box is a physical or virtual device for connecting to Azure Storage.– permanent direct connection
– seemless inetration in local network
– minimize data transfer and moves unused files zu Azure
– needs a separate check, maybe overpowered for simple data move

For offline data transfer, the Azure Data Boxes are available in various sizes (currently from 100TB up to a maximum of 1PB). Microsoft provides a NAS system that can be installed in the local data center. It is then sent to Microsoft and imported into a defined storage account.